The European and Latin American re-entries

Section 9 of 12   back - next

In western Friuli, between the 1960s and the 1970s, the establishment of a mechanical industry in the city of Pordenone slowed the seasonal passages towards European countries.

The piedmont area became a focal point as the center of the workforce for Pordenone’s industry.
The slow development of a regional work market, which allowed the people to obtain a certain social mobility without having to emigrate, brought forced emigration "of a set time and purpose" to an end.

The earthquake of 1976 did not modify the re-entry trends but it did simplify the re-entry for all the building professions.
In the past four decades, the workers who go abroad temporarily for work with Italian companies have displaced the classic migratory exodus.

The "site" or "technological" emigration that departs from the towns of western Friuli was usually destined for Africa, Latin America, the Far East and the Arab countries.

Levels of technology and retribution, scarcity of resources and social guarantees do not allow for a comparison with the previous experiences.

The Friuli people abroad made a relevant contribution to the workplace not only as labourers, workers or professionals but also as proprietors or managers of well-established industries.

The re-entry from some European or Latin American countries, especially from Switzerland, Venezuela, Brazil and Argentina are very recent.

Many return from Switzerland to spend their retirement in their home country while the departures from Latin American countries are frequently tied to unfavourable social-economic circumstances.

For those who arrive after decades of work abroad, the re-entry is frequently seen as a new emigration.

For the young Latin Americans, the Friuli they encounter does not always coincide with the land their parents and grandparents remembered.